PI Troy – Apologetics class
Click here for the Practice Exam. Take it as many times as you want.
Click here for the Final Exam. You must take it by midnight, December 24, 2018.
Each requires a password. Text or email me if you forgot it. I sent the passwords through the Purpose Institute email system to the entire class.
Why so many Different churches?
This is such a huge and important question – that I put it on a separate page. Click here to head over there…
Science, Creation & evolution and the God of the Gaps
I have two resource packs on this one. The first is on the question of Creation and Evolution. The second focuses more on the Question of the God of the Gaps. Click on either PDF icon to check them out.
Key Scripture Passages on Salvation
I need to add more to this one, but there are some basic passages that come up a lot when witnessing. I highly recommend that you learn about and eventually memorize these core passages on salvation:
- John 3 – You must be born again!
- The Great Commission accounts in Mark 16, Luke 24, Matt 29 and Acts 1
- The Salvation Narratives in Acts 2, 8, 9, 10 and 19
- The Sinfulness of Humanity in Romans 3 and 6
- Justification by Faith in Romans 4
- Salvation and Grace are a Gift not from Works in Ephesians 2:8-9
Speaking in Tongues
Click on the PDF icon to check out my resource pack from the Navy Seal Bible Study. The Bible Study from this packet is also viewable online on the Bible Study page.
Nine Defenses of Faith
There are nine different categories of arguments in defense of the Christian faith. Not all are recommended, and some of these will only work well with certain personalities and backgrounds. If you are serious about being a good Christian witness, you should think about getting better at a couple of these so you can connect with different kinds of people.
The Nine Ways to Present Your Reason:
- Scientific Arguments – the Big Bang, Creation vs Evolution, Bible Scriptures that show a refined and amazing view of cosmology…
- Historical Arguments – archeological finds, the almost universality of flood accounts in worldwide myths…
- Textual Arguments – internal and external support for the Biblical account, Dead Sea Scrolls…
- Moral Arguments – how the Bible accurately portrays the human condition in both the ancient and modern world, and the moral superiority and example of scripture and the life of Jesus Christ.
- Prophetic Arguments – amazing prophecies pointing to the life and crucifixion of Jesus along with prophecies about the restoration of Israel and the conditions of the world in the Endtime.
- Logical Arguments – can something come from nothing (Big Bang?) and the Ontological and Cosmological arguments for God.
- Empirical Arguments – real Christians are happier and healthier people, and everywhere that Christianity has spread, prosperity, freedom and progress has followed. Christianity played a direct role in ending slavery and elevating the legal status of women. Christianity works, and people are happier and healthier and have more options and freedoms in places where Christianity is more influential. The farther you travel away from Christianity, the less freedom and opportunity you will find.
- Personal Arguments – your testimony of what God has done in your life is likely your greatest apologetic.
- Conspiratorial Arguments – probably the lest effective to attempt on this list, but there is a systematic attempt to rewrite history to eliminate the good of the Christian worldview, along with the recent widespread derision of Christianity in the West. These are examples of a strange phenomenon to stamp out a worldview that teaches all human life has value and should be treated with respect, and that we should love our enemies. But somehow these evil Christians need to go!!!
Make sure you scroll down to the bottom and consider the unique and amazing qualities of Christianity. But when considering worldviews, there are 4 fundamental questions that any worldview should be able to answer coherently and consistently if it should be worthy of adopting.
Coherently – the answer should be rational and understandable, even perhaps to someone who doesn’t agree with the worldview, but understands the basics of that belief system. The answer should also be live-able, in that the answer to the question should not conflict with daily life decisions.
Consistent – the answer should fit with the other answers from that worldview.
Here are the 4 questions (often posed by Ravi Zacharias in his presentations):
- The Question of Origins – Where do we come from?
- The Question of Meaning – Why are we are?
- The Question of Morality – Why do humans want to be moral yet why are we so terrible at it?
- The Question of Destiny – Where are humans going from here?
When you consider Christianity, our answers to these 4 questions are satisfying, beautiful and live-able. Our origin points to our intrinsic value – where all humans are creatures made in God’s image with great worth, and we are here on this planet with the gift of life and the question of choice – will we live for God or not? What will we do with this choice. So life has tremendous meaning, in that we are here to either accept or reject God’s plan for us. In the question of morality, humans are made to be moral but are fallen sinful creatures incapable of true, overcoming morality without the power of God operating in their life. But if we let God work in us and through us, our destiny is an eternity in His presence accepting the gift of salvation and His plan.
In contrast, the Atheist materialist/naturalist worldview has very different answers that are largely contradictory to daily life choices. Our origin is meaningless and purposeless. Richard Dawkins even denigrates the question of meaning by calling it a “silly question”. You are not apparently allowed to ask the question that rings deep in the human psyche. Morality is nothing more than chemical impulses and animal instincts and we “dance to the tune of our DNA”. There is no external justification for one moral preference over another. That is all they are – DNA programming and preference. And we have no destiny except perhaps to leave a temporary legacy after we die until even that is forgotten. This worldview leads to widespread nihilism and hedonism, which are growing rampant in Western culture today.
Welcome to Post-Modernism
The Problem of Pain and Suffering
The History of the Trinity
You can also check out my allegory and mini-Bible study on the incarnation – The Beggar King. It is found on the Bible Study page.
Hope this is a blessing.
The Question of Pre-Destination
Has the Historic Church Been a Source for Good or Evil?
I am hoping to expand this section soon, but the basic argument (especially from someone like Christopher Hitchens) is that all religion is evil and/or irrational, and that fundamentalist thinking is a primary source of hatred and war in the war. I will add some source examples here so this doesn’t sound like a straw-man argument.
There is a specific argument that I want to handle first. I have repeatedly read the claim that the Catholic Church Inquisitions have killed millions of people in Europe, far more than any single war. Even in college courses, I have heard that the number killed is 90 or 95 million people over the 400 year long period (1200 to 1600 A.D.). This seemed like a very sketchy claim. And it has been easily debunked by others.
I was shocked to read about a graduate student, who was also a Wiccan, who researched a Master’s thesis trying to demonstrate the evils of the historic church. She was surprised to encounter a very different story when she dug into actual historic records. She then decided to publish her research even though it absolutely disagreed with her anti-church bias when she started. First off, the totals have never been in the many millions. But she found that the term “inquisition” was a generic word used for any local or state-wide investigation, whether church officials were involved or not. “Inquisition” just means “investigation”. So if someone was angry at their neighbor and the local sheriff or magistrate was corrupt, they could accuse their neighbor of being a witch, and there would be an inquisition and probably a bribe, and the neighbor would be imprisoned or killed and the land forfeited, likely to be taken over by the accusing neighbor. The church in numerous instances, actually appointed a Catholic “Inquisitor” to have authority in a region where multiple investigations were being carried out, and the Inquisitor actually arrived to halt the corrupt treatment of people.
Her research, and others who have published in her ground-breaking wake, has confirmed that actual deaths throughout Europe over the 400 year of church inquisition total about 50,000 to 150,000 people. This works out to be about 250 people killed per year throughout Europe. In fairness, the killings came mostly in clusters in particular regions where several thousand were likely killed by corrupt and evil men pretending they were Christian. But millions? No. That is a stupid and ignorant claim.
Please understand me. I am not denying that thousands were tortured and killed in various programs by historic Christian churches. I am horrified that the historic church, including Catholic popes, and Protestant leaders such as Martin Luther and John Calvin, played a direct role in killing people for disagreeing about doctrine and belief. This is why I am Apostolic. We get our beliefs from the Bible, not from church history. And anyone who murders people for disagreeing about theology is absolutely violating the teachings of Jesus Christ, and will burn in hell if they did not repent for their atrocities.
That being said, it is dishonest, ignorant and dangerous to portray the historic church as being a primary cause for violence and evil in the world. The church at its most corrupt, was better for planet Earth and human civilization, than any Socialist regime of the 20th century.
Islamic Aggression Compared
If you find yourself in a conversation with a Muslim comparing Christianity and Islam, they often bring up the Crusades as an example where Christian aggression appears no different than Islamic aggression. Some skeptics of Christianity bring up the horrors of the Crusades as well.
This section is not here to defend everything done in the Crusades. There were certainly horrific acts committed by Crusaders calling themselves Christians. Many of the actions of the historic Christian church do not match up with the teachings of Jesus and the Apostles. I do believe the historic church has been an overwhelming force for good throughout history, even when it largely departed from New Testament doctrine. I am not claiming that the Crusades or Crusaders were morally justified in any atrocities committed.
I am plainly stating that there can be no reasonable comparison with the minimal and reactionary nature of the Crusades and with the systematic, aggressive, violent expansion of Islam by military conquest in the Middle East and Mediterranean regions. It is ridiculous and ignorant to claim they are remotely equivalent. Just look at this map illustrating the striking difference between the two along with a video animation showing that difference over time. Click on the map to see the larger version.
marriage, gender & LGBT questions
The Uniqueness and Moral Superiority of the Christian Worldview
- Christianity is the only worldview that answers the four big questions of origin, meaning, morality, and destiny with cohesive and consistent, live-able answers.
- Christianity is the only worldview that harmonizes with cosmological questions, science and rational thinking.
- Christianity is the only worldview that holds a supernatural event (the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ) as a foundational historically factual claim worth dying for.
- Christianity is the only global religion that extends beyond ethnic identity or language or a regional geopolitical center.
- Christianity is the only worldview that provides a prophetic roadmap that matches up with our history and also accurately describes the condition of the modern world.
- Christianity is the only worldview that empowers, defends, and lifts-up the weakest and most vulnerable on Earth, even if they don’t embrace the Christian worldview.
- Christianity is the only worldview that offers right standing with God (or salvation) as a gift and not the result of a marathon or mountain climb.
- Christianity is the only major worldview that makes room for other worldviews and blesses them.
The Most Important Thing is Love
Brilliant arguments, or even supernatural gifts and revelation, are worth nothing according to the Bible, without Godly love. 1st Peter 3:15 tells us to be ready with an answer, with humility and fear. Study the context (1st Peter 3:8-17) of this famous witnessing verse to discover the attitude that Peter is calling a witness to have:
- Be of one mind – united
- Having compassion
- Not responding to evil with evil, but with a blessing
- Don’t speak evil or guile
- Do good
- Seek peace
- Have a clean conscience
- Be willing to suffer for the sake of good things
Let’s not forget that love must be the driving force in our witness.
1st Corinthians 13:1-3, 13 NLT
If I could speak all the languages of earth and of angels, but didn’t love others, I would only be a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. If I had the gift of prophecy, and if I understood all of God’s secret plans and possessed all knowledge, and if I had such faith that I could move mountains, but didn’t love others, I would be nothing. If I gave everything I have to the poor and even sacrificed my body, I could boast about it;[a] but if I didn’t love others, I would have gained nothing…
Three things will last forever—faith, hope, and love—and the greatest of these is love.